Plain old fashion
Side reins should be
Two line longeing,
Practical use of the longeing caveson in the assistance of breaking young horses for the cart as well as for the saddle. Horses must first be familiar with the caveson.
The following is
The following is
Longeing a horse can prove very useful and it is often an important part in the education of young horses. However, in this day and age it is often misunderstood and misused to the point of abuse.
When and why to longe a horse.
Longeing is most practical in the education of young riding horses, especially if they present certain difficulties in remount training. I believe that every horse should be taught how to go on a single longe line, because it will prove very useful in his future life. As helpful as it can be, it is also very dangerous to horses, especially young ones, particularly when handled by less experienced persons. Some horses can still get hurt despite handling by a decent trainer/rider; therefore it is practical and safe to provide longeing rings/areas especially designed for longeing horses.
The rings should be about 60 feet (about
20m) wide, fenced in and the footing on the outer edge should be
slanted, or banked, and deep enough to provide even impact for the
horses feet (see "lateral
stress"). Many horses are abused just by being longed in
areas that are too small and
not sufficiently deep, thus constantly landing on the side of their
The bigger the horse, the tougher longeing is for him. Coldblooded
horses or taller and heavier warmbloods should not be longed at all
if possible, especially horses with large, wide hoofs and/or shorter
The bigger the horse, the tougher longeing is for him. Coldblooded horses or taller and heavier warmbloods should not be longed at all if possible, especially horses with large, wide hoofs and/or shorter pastern.
Practical uses for single line longeing of horses are:
Not practical uses for single line longeing of horses are:
longeing is practical
mainly in education for the bit in difficult horses that either refuse
to accept the bit or refuse to go forward on the bit/contact (rearing
and such). The two-line longeing is not practical for any other
purposes, as it will tend to dull the responsiveness of the horse to the
horses in this way needs certain pre-education and inexperienced folks
should stay away from it. One important caution: be careful not to get
the line caught under the horses tail (among other things).
longeing usually comes from misunderstanding of what it actually supposed to do to
horses. The most misguided belief is that longeing is supposed to help
the horse for the rider. This statement alone is self-contradictory.
When we have well balanced horses, it is best that they know only the movement under/with the rider. Thus their newfound “artificial” balance becomes their so-called “second nature." For this reason it is not practical to turn the balanced horse out in the paddock/pasture and longeing was done only when absolutely necessary (once a week at the most, on his day off etc.).
As it is today, most
dressage horses (as much as any other riding horses) move on their
forehand, especially under riders. This is due to the fact that most
decent riders/trainers as well as most breeds of horses have simply
vanished from the face of the earth. Unfortunately there are only a very
few people that genuinely care about learning how to ride for the reason
to get along with their horse as well as for his well being. Most folks
want to learn how to ride for reasons of recognition and their name,
while completely disregarding the well being of their horses (usually
The way a horseman is
longeing his horse will be his own presentation to the observers. One can tell a
lot about the horseman in such cases. A person that is longeing a horse
without proper equipment, like for example the necessary longeing whip,
will present certain sloppiness about himself, or in other words the
lack of class.
trainer's choice of
equipment will also show his class.
cavesons were mainly practical for young remounts in their
initial training. A horse educated for the
easier to handle by the on-ground assistant in the first stages of
mounting or hooking up to the cart etc. The caveson allowed the
on-ground handler to help the rider/driver without interfering with
the horse’s mouth, or with the rider/driver's hands.
Other restraints pictured here show the decadence of our society. On one hand we preach freedom of movement and on the other we want his submission achieved by restraints and not by riding expertise (heads down on horses etc.). No horse that caries his bit below his hip (horizontal line from the profile) is safe to ride. Such a horse is not balanced; the hind legs cannot over ride the forward impulse with the ability to carry the rider. The front end of the horse gets overused; thus so many horses are lame these days. In my younger days, people only whispered about a lame horse, just the same as about divorced people.
These days, the lameness of horses is as common as divorces. There are many people that claim to fix problems, but almost none who are teaching prevention, because it usually requires the truth, which is not practical for the profit of many money/fame-oriented people of today’s age or is not in the interests of so-called "fixerupers".
A longe line should be as light as possible (no chain!) but not too thin; thanks to today's technology they are available in nylon. The heavier, old fashion canvas lines are often too heavy for the more sensitive horse. Wearing a pair of thinner leather gloves when longeing is prudent and also shows a certain class/wisdom of the handler.
Written* and translated by
Ludvik K Stanek a.k.a Lee
*The technical aspects of this articles is a translation from the 1953 Special Zoo-Technique - Breeding of Horses
Published in 1953 by the Czechoslovakian Academy of Agricultural Science and certified by the Ministry of Agriculture.
Written by: MVDr Ludvik Ambroz, Frabtisek Bilek, MVDr Karel Blazek, Ing. Jaromir Dusek, Ing. Karel Hartman, Hanus Keil, pro. MVDr Emanuel Kral, Karel Kloubek, Ing. Dr. Frantisek Lerche, Ing. Dr Vaclav Michal, Ing. Dr Zdenek Munki, Ing. Vladimir Mueller, MVDr Julius Penicka, pro. MVDr Emil Pribyl, MVDr Lev Richter, prof. Ing. Dr Josef Rechta, MVDr Karel Sejkora and Ing. Dr Jindrich Steinitz.