This page basically transcends into somewhat exaggerated
graphs the various frames and deformations of the horse's back when ridden. The
campaign level balance
shows the balance adjustment of the horse so his back aligns back to his natural
position. The rest shows all sorts of deviations and deformation caused mostly
by people that failed to understand various publications on riding. If you do
not understand what the various colorful outlines represent then explaining them
would be also in vain.
The A shows the horse's frame
when not burdened with a rider.
The A1 shows the same frame this
time with the outlines of changes when the rider is added to the
horse. The back concaves and the head goes up, which is pretty much
the first reaction of any horse in the first moment of mounting. This
is commonly referred to as "flat back",
hence the B1 shows the "again
rounding of the back", because horses have rounded backs by
nature and the weight of the rider flattens the natural curvature of
the horse's back (spine), hence flat back in the A1
The B shows the campaign level
(collection - frame) of riding balance suitable for most riding horses
of today. The B1 shows the same
with the outline of the energies
and the rounding of the horse's back via the lowering of the hind legs
joints, thus the rear ends drops a little and the back levels off to
the original position (curvature) as in picture A due to the lowering
of the rear joints, which also causes the horse's head to be more erect.
This is the concept of horse being rounded up, or rounded back, as the
horse rounds his back (goes back up) to the original and natural curve
when not carrying the rider, hence balanced
The level of collection
is very much relevant to the output of energy.
Horses cannot go for long time in the high level of collection and must be
periodically rested, usually taking a break in the so-called "free
walk. This will let the horse rest his back as well as his hind legs via
lever mechanics; hence remember this especially when
riding/training dressage horses. Letting the horse rest his back and
hind legs during a "free walk" as in "cowboy riding
home from work" is only courteous toward the horse and the best
reward he can receive for hard work. However one should
not run, gallop or trot horses in this way as it is inappropriately
done in the Western and English pleasure style riding.
The A shows a fairly balanced horse, the back is round due to
hind being lowered and set under.
The B shows a typical hunched back on forehand riding
by most riders who ride the horse's head. This hunched back is
perceived by the mediocre riders as some "rounding of the
horse's back". The motion of the horse in relevance to the
motion of the rider bares a testimony to this ever so popular
and very crippled frame of horse when carrying the rider. In
short "horrific". This is commonly accompanied by the
leaning backwards seat resulting from the horse's camel-like
humping motion of the rear.
Three legs off the ground in trot, typical for the "Hunchback"
The C shows again a rider that
is riding the horse via its head. This time the back is concaved as
this rider is obviously trying to keep the horse's head in the
campaign level, forgetting completely that the horse also has an ass.
Note in B and C the lack of extension of rear legs. The B having the
hind legs leaving the ground prematurely, out of sync with the front,
while C in the opposite, the hind is too late and out of sync with the
This above needs no words, as I am sure you can see this
just about in any level of dressage. The rider's seat is thrown back and
forth due to the debilitated upward motion of the back. Suitable and very descriptive title for this style would be: Humping the Hunchback.